In recent times, math and statistics are the most common form of calculations for everything. The forex formula is one of the examples. Any forex trader needs to have a sound knowledge about the mathematics and formulas related to it. So what are those, and what you need to know before diving into forex trading? Let's know WebTrend lines. Trend lines are one of the simplest methods of determining bull and bear runs. You apply them to charts, using them to identify the strength and direction of trends. WebThe equation is simple but its implications for your currency trading success are huge. Here is the equation and below are some points you need to take into account when WebOnline Forex Trading - These Two Simple Equations Can Lead You to Huge Gains; Forex Trading Success - 10 Mistakes Losing Traders Make You Must Avoid to Win; Web19/8/ · Mathematical analysis of conditions within the FOREX market are quite complex and can require the solution of differential equations and statistical models ... read more

Marker buyers and sellers enter the market depth and two orders limit and market ones are linked. The market movement occurs when a limit order is triggered. When an active market order appears, it usually has Stop Loss and Take Profit. Similar to limit orders, these stop levels are scattered all around the market forming price acceleration or reversal levels. Everything depends on the amount and type of stop levels, as well as deal volume. Knowing these levels, we can say where the price may accelerate or reverse.

Limit orders can also form fluctuations and clusters that are hard to pass through. They usually appear at important price points, such as an opening of a day or a week.

When discussing level-based trading, traders usually mean using limit order levels. All this can be briefly displayed as follows. What we see in the MetaTrader window is a discrete function of the t argument, where t is time. The function is discrete because the number of ticks is finite. In the current case, ticks are points containing nothing in between. Ticks are the smallest elements of possible price discretization, larger elements are bars, M1, M5, M15 candles, etc.

The market features both the element of random and patterns. The patterns can be of various scales and duration. However, the market is for the most part a probabilistic, chaotic and almost unpredictable environment. To understand the market, one should view it through the concepts of the probability theory. Discretization is needed to introduce the concepts of probability and probability density. To introduce the concept of the expected payoff, we first need to consider the terms 'event' and 'exhaustive events':.

С1 and С2 events form an exhaustive group of antithetic events i. one of these events occurs in any case. This equation may turn out to be handy later. While testing an EA or a manual strategy with a random opening, as well as random StopLoss and TakeProfit, we still get one non-random result and the expected payoff equal to "- Spread ", which would mean "0", if we could set the spread to zero.

This suggests that we always get the zero expected payoff on the random market regardless of stop levels. On the non-random market, we always get a profit or loss provided that the market features related patterns. We can reach the same conclusions by assuming that the expected payoff Tick[0]. Bid - Tick[1]. Bid is also equal to zero. These are fairly simple conclusions that can be reached in many ways.

This is the main chaotic market equation describing the expected payoff of a chaotic order opening and closing using stop levels. After solving the last equation, we get all the probabilities we are interested in, both for the complete randomness and the opposite case, provided that we know stop values.

The equation provided here is meant only for the simplest case that can be generalized for any strategy. This is exactly what I am going to do now to achieve a complete understanding of what constitutes the final expected payoff we need to make non-zero. Also, let's introduce the concept of profit factor and write the appropriate equations. Assume that our strategy involves closing both by stop levels and some other signals.

To do this, I will introduce the С3, С4 event space, in which the first event is closing by stop levels, while the second one is closing by signals.

They also form a complete group of antithetic events, so we can use the analogy to write:. In other words, we have two antithetic events. Their outcomes form another two independent event spaces where we also define the full group. However, the P1, P2, P0[i] and P01[j] probabilities are conditional now, while P3 and P4 are the probabilities of hypotheses.

The conditional probability is a probability of an event when a hypothesis occurs. Everything is in strict accordance with the total probability formula Bayes' formula. I strongly recommend studying it thoroughly to grasp the matter. Now the equation has become much clearer and broader, as it considers closing both by stop levels and signals.

We can follow this analogy even further and write the general equation for any strategy that takes into account even dynamic stop levels. This is what I am going to do. Let's introduce N new events forming a complete group meaning opening deals with similar StopLoss and TakeProfit.

The most you can do is change the strategy but if it contains no rational basis, you will simply change the balance of these variables and still get 0. In order to break this unwanted equilibrium, we need to know the probability of the market movement in any direction within any fixed movement segment in points or the expected price movement payoff within a certain period of time.

If you manage to find them, then you will have a profitable strategy. Now let's create the profit factor equation. The profit factor is the ratio of profit to loss. If the number exceeds 1, the strategy is profitable, otherwise, it is not.

This can be redefined using the expected payoff. This means the ratio of the expected net profit payoff to the expected net loss. Let's write their equations. In fact, these are the same equations, although the first one lacks the part related to loss, while the second one lacks the part related to profit.

M and PrF are two values that are quite sufficient to evaluate the strategy from all sides. In particular, there is an ability to evaluate the trend or flat nature of a certain instrument using the same probability theory and combinatorics. Besides, it is also possible to find some differences from randomness using the probability distribution densities.

I will build a random value distribution probability density graph for a discretized price at a fixed H step in points. Let's assume that if the price moves H in any direction, then a step has been taken.

The X axis is to display a random value in the form of a vertical price chart movement measured in the number of steps. In this case, n steps are imperative as this is the only way to evaluate the overall price movement. To provide the total "s" steps upwards the value can be negative meaning downward steps , a certain number of up and down steps should be provided: "u", "d". The final "s" up or down movement depends on all steps in total:.

However, not all "s" values are suitable for a certain "n" value. The step between possible s values is always equal to 2. This is done in order to provide "u" and "d" with natural values since they are to be used for combinatorics, or rather, for calculating combinations. If these numbers are fractional, then we cannot calculate the factorial, which is the cornerstone of all combinatorics.

Below are all possible scenarios for 18 steps. The graph shows how extensive the event options are. There is no need to try to grasp each of these options, as it is impossible. Instead we just simply need to know that we have n unique cells, of which u and d should be up and down, respectively.

The options having the same u and d ultimately provide the same s. In case of different u and d, we obtain the same value of C. Since the combinations can be made both by ascending and descending segments, this inevitably leads to déjà vu. So what segments should we use to form combinations? The answer is any, as these combinations are equivalent despite their differences.

I will try to prove this below using a MathCad based application. Now that we have determined the number of combinations for each scenario, we can determine the probability of a particular combination or event, whatever you like.

This value can be calculated for all "s", and the sum of these probabilities is always equal to 1, since one of these options will happen anyway. Based on this probability array, we are able to build the probability density graph relative to the "s" random value considering that s step is 2.

In this case, the density at a particular step can be obtained simply by dividing the probability by the s step size, i. The reason for this is that we are unable to build a continuous function for discrete values.

This density remains relevant half a step to the left and right, i. It helps us find the nodes and allows for numerical integration. For negative "s" values, I will simply mirror the graph relative to the probability density axis. For even n values, numbering of nodes starts from 0, for odd ones it starts from 1. In case of even n values, we cannot provide odd s values, while in case of odd n values, we cannot provide even s values. The calculation application screenshot below clarifies this:.

It lists everything we need. The application is attached below so that you are able to play around with the parameters. One of the most popular questions is how to define whether the current market situation is trend or flat-based.

I have come up with my own equations for quantifying the trend or flat nature of an instrument. I have divided trends into Alpha and Beta ones. Alpha means a tendency to either buy or sell, while Beta is just a tendency to continue the movement without a clearly defined prevalence of buyers or sellers.

Finally, flat means a tendency to get back to the initial price. The definitions of trend and flat vary greatly among traders. I am trying to give a more rigid definition to all these phenomena, since even a basic understanding of these matters and means of their quantification allows applying many strategies previously considered dead or too simplistic.

Here are these main equations:. The first option is for a continuous random variable, while the second one is for a discrete one. I have made the discrete value continuous for more clarity, thus using the first equation. The integral spans from minus to plus infinity. This is the equilibrium or trend ratio. After calculating it for a random value, we obtain an equilibrium point to be used to compare the real distribution of quotes with the reference one. We can calculate the maximum value of the ratio.

We can also calculate the minimum value of the ratio. The KMid midpoint, minimum and maximum are all that is needed to evaluate trend or flat nature of the analyzed area in percentage. But this is still not enough to fully characterize the situation. It essentially shows the expected payoff of the number of upward steps and is at the same time an indicator of the alpha trend. If we measure the alpha trend percentage from to , we may write equations for calculating the value similar to the previous one:.

If the percentage is positive, the trend is bullish, if it is negative, the trend is bearish. The cases may be mixed. There may be an alpha flat and alpha trend but not trend and flat simultaneously.

Below is a graphical illustration of the above statements and examples of constructed density graphs for various number of steps. As we can see, with an increase in the number of steps, the graph becomes narrower and higher.

For each number of steps, the corresponding alpha and beta values are different, just like the distribution itself. When changing the number of steps, the reference distribution should be recalculated. All these equations can be applied to build automated trading systems. These algorithms can also be used to develop indicators.

Some traders have already implemented these things in their EAs. txt Site map. Submit by Forexstrategiesresources The Camarilla Equation produces 8 levels from yesterday's open, high, low and close. Camarilla historical pivot points levels. Camarilla Levels. Pivot Poins Forex Strategies. Comments: 0. Camarilla Historical ver. Forex Indicator:Camarilla Historical ver.

compressed file archive 5. Forex Trading Signal. Remember that a positive value means that the pairs move in the same direction, while a negative value means they have an inverse relationship. As traders, we know that we will have losing trades and that they are a natural part of trading. Essentially, maximum drawdown is the maximum loss in equity that our portfolio incurs over a period of time. It is the largest drop from a previous equity peak to the lowest point after the peak.

We can calculate the maximum drawdown after a new peak has been put in place on the equity curve. Here is the math formula for calculating Maximum Drawdown:. What is your Maximum Drawdown in this scenario? So, the Max Drawdown in this case is Drawdowns can be very dangerous to the financial health of a trader because, as your drawdown increases the return needed to recover becomes larger and larger. Let take a look at the table below:.

As you can see, the larger the max drawdown or capital loss the higher the percentage gain is needed to recover the losses. This is one reason why it is critical for traders to trade small so that they can try to keep drawdowns to a tolerable level.

I would venture to guess that most retail traders have either never heard of Risk of Ruin or if they have they do not really understand its power when it comes to risk analysis in the markets.

Risk of Ruin is the likelihood or probability that a trader will lose a predetermined amount of trading capital wherein they will not be able to continue trading.

It could be any percentage that the trader determines will be the point at which they will stop trading a system. The Risk of Ruin is calculated as follows:. There are several simulators available for free that you can use to calculate the risk of ruin. The one we will use in our example can be found here. We will use the following assumptions and plug that into the Risk of Ruin simulator:.

If you hit calculate on the simulator, it will run the simulations again so the ROR number may vary a bit. Well the factor that we would have the most control over is the Risk amount, and so we should look to adjust that input. Ok so we will keep all the variables the same, except we will adjust the Risk amount to 2. What does that do? Well that looks like a winner. Profit Factor measures the profitability of your trading system or strategy.

It is one of the most simple but useful metrics related to system performance. Profit Factor can be calculated in one of two ways:. A profit factor of less than 1 means that the trading strategy is a losing strategy. A profit factor of 1 to 1. A profit factor of 1. A profit factor above 2 means that the trading strategy is extremely profitable. Can you figure out the Profit Factor of this system? This system has a Profit Factor of 1.

This system has a Profit Factor of 0,97, meaning that this is a losing strategy. The concept of R Multiples was first introduced by renown psychologist Dr. Van Tharp. R Multiple sounds like an esoteric term but it is fairly straightforward and easy to understand.

I am a developer of automatic strategies and software with over 5 years of experience. In this article, I will open the veil of secrecy to those just starting to trade in Forex or on any other exchange. Besides, I will try to answer the most popular trading questions.

I hope, the article will be useful for both beginners and experienced traders. Also, note that this is purely my vision based on actual experience and research. Some of the mentioned robots and indicators can be found in my products. But this is only a small part. I have developed a wide variety of robots that apply a plethora of strategies. I will try to show how the described approach allows gaining insight into the true nature of the market and which strategies are worth paying attention to.

If you know where to enter and exit the market, you probably don't need to know anything else. At first glance, you can always identify a pattern and follow it for a while. But how to detect it without sophisticated tools and indicators? The simplest and always recurring patterns are TREND and FLAT. Trend is a long-term movement in one direction, while Flat implies more frequent reversals.

These patterns can be easily detected since a human eye can find them without any indicators. The main issue here is that we can see a pattern only after it has been triggered. Moreover, no one can guarantee there has been any pattern at all.

No pattern can save your deposit from destruction regardless of a strategy. I will try to provide possible reasons for this using the language of math. Let me tell you a little about pricing and powers that make the market price move.

There are two forces in the market — Market and Limit. Similarly, there are two types of orders — market and limit ones. Limit buyers and sellers fill in the market depth, while market ones take it apart. The market depth is basically a vertical price scale indicating those willing to buy or sell something. There is always a gap between limit sellers and buyers. This gap is called a spread.

Spread is a distance between the best buy and sell prices measured in the number of minimal price movements. Buyers want to buy at the cheapest price, while sellers want to sell at the highest price. Therefore, limit orders of buyers are always located at the bottom, while orders of sellers are always located at the top. Marker buyers and sellers enter the market depth and two orders limit and market ones are linked.

The market movement occurs when a limit order is triggered. When an active market order appears, it usually has Stop Loss and Take Profit. Similar to limit orders, these stop levels are scattered all around the market forming price acceleration or reversal levels. Everything depends on the amount and type of stop levels, as well as deal volume. Knowing these levels, we can say where the price may accelerate or reverse.

Limit orders can also form fluctuations and clusters that are hard to pass through. They usually appear at important price points, such as an opening of a day or a week. When discussing level-based trading, traders usually mean using limit order levels. All this can be briefly displayed as follows. What we see in the MetaTrader window is a discrete function of the t argument, where t is time. The function is discrete because the number of ticks is finite. In the current case, ticks are points containing nothing in between.

Ticks are the smallest elements of possible price discretization, larger elements are bars, M1, M5, M15 candles, etc. The market features both the element of random and patterns. The patterns can be of various scales and duration. However, the market is for the most part a probabilistic, chaotic and almost unpredictable environment.

To understand the market, one should view it through the concepts of the probability theory. Discretization is needed to introduce the concepts of probability and probability density.

To introduce the concept of the expected payoff, we first need to consider the terms 'event' and 'exhaustive events':. С1 and С2 events form an exhaustive group of antithetic events i. one of these events occurs in any case. This equation may turn out to be handy later. While testing an EA or a manual strategy with a random opening, as well as random StopLoss and TakeProfit, we still get one non-random result and the expected payoff equal to "- Spread ", which would mean "0", if we could set the spread to zero.

This suggests that we always get the zero expected payoff on the random market regardless of stop levels. On the non-random market, we always get a profit or loss provided that the market features related patterns. We can reach the same conclusions by assuming that the expected payoff Tick[0]. Bid - Tick[1]. Bid is also equal to zero. These are fairly simple conclusions that can be reached in many ways. This is the main chaotic market equation describing the expected payoff of a chaotic order opening and closing using stop levels.

After solving the last equation, we get all the probabilities we are interested in, both for the complete randomness and the opposite case, provided that we know stop values. The equation provided here is meant only for the simplest case that can be generalized for any strategy. This is exactly what I am going to do now to achieve a complete understanding of what constitutes the final expected payoff we need to make non-zero. Also, let's introduce the concept of profit factor and write the appropriate equations.

Assume that our strategy involves closing both by stop levels and some other signals. To do this, I will introduce the С3, С4 event space, in which the first event is closing by stop levels, while the second one is closing by signals. They also form a complete group of antithetic events, so we can use the analogy to write:.

In other words, we have two antithetic events. Their outcomes form another two independent event spaces where we also define the full group. However, the P1, P2, P0[i] and P01[j] probabilities are conditional now, while P3 and P4 are the probabilities of hypotheses. The conditional probability is a probability of an event when a hypothesis occurs. Everything is in strict accordance with the total probability formula Bayes' formula. I strongly recommend studying it thoroughly to grasp the matter.

Now the equation has become much clearer and broader, as it considers closing both by stop levels and signals. We can follow this analogy even further and write the general equation for any strategy that takes into account even dynamic stop levels.

This is what I am going to do. Let's introduce N new events forming a complete group meaning opening deals with similar StopLoss and TakeProfit. The most you can do is change the strategy but if it contains no rational basis, you will simply change the balance of these variables and still get 0. In order to break this unwanted equilibrium, we need to know the probability of the market movement in any direction within any fixed movement segment in points or the expected price movement payoff within a certain period of time.

If you manage to find them, then you will have a profitable strategy. Now let's create the profit factor equation. The profit factor is the ratio of profit to loss.

If the number exceeds 1, the strategy is profitable, otherwise, it is not. This can be redefined using the expected payoff. This means the ratio of the expected net profit payoff to the expected net loss. Let's write their equations. In fact, these are the same equations, although the first one lacks the part related to loss, while the second one lacks the part related to profit. M and PrF are two values that are quite sufficient to evaluate the strategy from all sides.

In particular, there is an ability to evaluate the trend or flat nature of a certain instrument using the same probability theory and combinatorics. Besides, it is also possible to find some differences from randomness using the probability distribution densities.

I will build a random value distribution probability density graph for a discretized price at a fixed H step in points. Let's assume that if the price moves H in any direction, then a step has been taken. The X axis is to display a random value in the form of a vertical price chart movement measured in the number of steps.

In this case, n steps are imperative as this is the only way to evaluate the overall price movement. To provide the total "s" steps upwards the value can be negative meaning downward steps , a certain number of up and down steps should be provided: "u", "d".

The final "s" up or down movement depends on all steps in total:. However, not all "s" values are suitable for a certain "n" value. The step between possible s values is always equal to 2. This is done in order to provide "u" and "d" with natural values since they are to be used for combinatorics, or rather, for calculating combinations.

WebThe equation is simple but its implications for your currency trading success are huge. Here is the equation and below are some points you need to take into account when WebUse the FEN forex formula, which is based on a mathematical equation, and start profiting in the Forex market. Predict all major price movements in Forex, and other markets Web19/8/ · Mathematical analysis of conditions within the FOREX market are quite complex and can require the solution of differential equations and statistical models In recent times, math and statistics are the most common form of calculations for everything. The forex formula is one of the examples. Any forex trader needs to have a sound knowledge about the mathematics and formulas related to it. So what are those, and what you need to know before diving into forex trading? Let's know WebTrend lines. Trend lines are one of the simplest methods of determining bull and bear runs. You apply them to charts, using them to identify the strength and direction of trends. WebOnline Forex Trading - These Two Simple Equations Can Lead You to Huge Gains; Forex Trading Success - 10 Mistakes Losing Traders Make You Must Avoid to Win; ... read more

Let's write their equations. All functions here are intended either for calculating the values of arrays, or they implement some auxiliary mathematical functions, except for the first two. In this case, n steps are imperative as this is the only way to evaluate the overall price movement. As you can see by using R multiples, it allows us to standardize our risk measures and easily gauge the Risk profile of a trade. MSp[k] — expected payoff of closed deals with k th stop levels. That and the freedom. Many improvements have been made.

If you want to develop a Grail on your own, then it is better to look towards neural networks. However, the market is for the most part a probabilistic,